Substantial area in the country is still dependant on rainfall for farming. Due to the changing climatic pattern, rainfall is becoming more erratic, making cultivation a high risk and less productive profession over the years. It has therefore, becoming increasingly difficult for the majority of the Indian farmers to sustain their farm production, productivity and income. Agroforestry is known to have the potential to mitigate the climate change effects through microclimate moderation, conservation of natural resources and creation of additional source of livelihood and income opportunities. In order to make agriculture less vulnerable to climatic aberrations, Government of India formulated the National Agroforestry Policy in 2014. The policy recommends for setting up of a Mission or Board to address development of agroforestry sector in an organised manner. The Sub-Mission on Agroforestry (SMAF) under NMSA is an initiative to this end.


  • SMAF aims to increase greenery, carbon sequestration, organic matter and area.

  • Production of quality plant material.

  • Improvement in rural livelihood.

  • Enhancement of crop and cropping system.

  • Development of information system on area increase.

  • To encourage and expand tree plantations in agriculture farmlands

  • To ensure availability of quality planting material like seeds, seedlings (tissue culture plants) etc.

  • To popularise various Agroforestry practices/ models in farmers fields

  1.      a. Agri Silviculture (Agriculture + Forestry)

  2.      b. Agri Silvipastoral (Agriculture + Forestry + Grass land)

  3.      c. Agri Horti Silviculture (Agriculture + Horticulture +  Forestry)

  4.      d. Horti Pastoral (Fruit tress + Grass Lands)

  • To provide extension support and capacity building on cultivation and marketing in  Agroforestry sector.

  • Organizing trainings / workshops / exposure visits to the farmers/stakeholders and officials.

  • To create database on structure and setup, information and knowledge support in the area of Agroforestry.

Expected Outcome

  • Agroforestry will provide additional income to the farmers and serve as cushion to crop damages i.e., floods, droughts, pests & diseases.

  • Increase tree cover and decrease the climatic changes harmful to man kind.
    Enriches soil organic matter and enhance nutrient uptake of the crops (Assessed from the soil health status time to time).

  • Contribute in availability of Agri Forest produce to meet increasing demand of raw materials for timber & wood based industries.

  • Development of information system and database on Agroforestry i.e., increase in area, additional of organic carbon to the soil, increase in organic matter incorporated in to the soil from time to time.


  • The total plantation achieved is 7.61 lakh plantation covering 1064 farmers in an area of 932 ha under TKHH.

  • Out of the 7.61 lakh plantation 5.41 lakh plantation is under TKHH 5th phase supplied on free of cost basis and 2.2 lakh plants (Sandalwood) from CoE Mulugu on cost basis.

  • Conducted 1 state level workshop on Agroforestry at THTI, Hyderabad for 300 farmers.

  • Established 2- Hi-Tech Nurseries at CoE, Mulugu with a production capacity of 2.00 lakhs plants per annum @ Rs. 40 lakhs each.

The scheme has discontinued from 15.02.2022 vide memo no.04-03/2020-NRM-SMAF, GoI, Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers welfare, DAFW

Various Agro Forestry Models proposed for Telangana

Selection of Species (4 F’s)

1. Furniture: Teak, Rosewood, Sandal wood, Gumma (timber) Teak, Neem, Mahagani,  Dirsanam, Tumma & Melia dubia, Tamarind, Soapnut, pongamia, Buchineria lanjan etc.)

2. Fruits: Amla, Ber, Tani, Neredu, Seethaphal, Tamarind, Velaga, Marking Nut (Jeedi), Sapota etc.

3. Fodder: Subabul, Tumma, Sesbania(Avisa), Tella Tumma, Arae, Gliricidia, Raavi, Juvvi etc.

4. Fuel: Tumma, Bamboo, Causurina etc.

Sandal Wood nursery at COE Mulugu

Casuarina Junghiniana (CJ-9) Mother blocks at COE Mulugu
















Minor Fruit Bearing Trees













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